犬舍公告

关于澳牧的繁殖—陨石配陨石,大江南此文将为大家揭开谜底!
发布时间:2014-06-10 14:15:18 浏览: 1984
很多朋友和客户都在咨询我澳牧的陨石配陨石是否在可以,都心存怀疑,觉得像边牧,喜乐蒂,苏木都是不可以的,当然澳牧也是不可以的。在此之前,我也不是很明朗的可以告诉大家,到底是否可以。为了解开这个谜底。大江南特意请教了许多美国繁殖者和学者,都一致答复我是可以的,允许的,并且在美国等其他国家是非常普遍常见的。但是大家都知道为什么澳洲牧羊犬陨石配陨石会出现白化,但还是允许陨石配陨石呢,美国的一位资深繁殖者特意发了一份他从专业网站找给我的文章详细的说明了此类问题。
 
在交流的同时,他们会对陨石配陨石出现的白化现象表示遗憾,但是就是因为这份执着,澳牧在美国是非常的优秀,而繁殖是整个犬类基因里的基础,一个追求完美的繁殖者就是一个疯子,陨石配陨石就是为了追求完美。
 
对繁殖者来说,是为了得到繁殖者要的繁殖,所以都做好了牺牲的准备。为了得到繁殖者想要的那些特质,所以,陨石配陨石也不得不这么做。繁殖是系统复杂的过程。如果说繁殖者单纯为了钱,那么每四只小狗中就有一只是白化且可能失聪或眼睛有问题的小狗,这对某些人来说,这就不是他们想要的赚钱工具了。但是对繁殖者来说,追求的就是极致和完美。所以说,陨石配陨石并不可怕,可怕的是某些人的人心。出现白化的小狗都是人道安乐死,这在国外是非常普及的,一出生就人道安乐,没有痛苦。为了使不给母狗增加负担,也不给小狗长大后增加痛苦。很多畸形的孩子生下来就安乐了。谁想要等有了感情再做痛苦的决定,这也是我们繁殖者最最大的难题。因为要安置好每只小狗的去处。
 
以下是美国学者给我的文章截图和牛津留学生(生化系)(戚少)为我此文的翻译:和撰稿!
 
 
When breeding Aussies, one of the firstthings to consider is color because the breeds beautiful merle colors have a lethalside.
 
当繁殖澳牧的时候,第一个要考虑的因素就是颜色,因为漂亮的陨石基因有他的不稳定性。
 
The homozygous merle puppy produced from amerle to merle mating may be deaf and/or have eye problems ranging from slightto complete blindness.
 
双陨石基因的小狗是陨石和陨石的产物,他们可能会失聪和(或者)有眼睛的问题从一点的弱视到完全失明都有可能。
 
If your bitch is solid black or red, youprobably will want to breed her to a merle male simply to get a variety ofmerle and solid color puppies. If you breed her to a solid, all of your puppieswill be solid colored. With a solid colored parent, you will not have anyproblems with the defective merling gene.
 
如果你的母犬是黑色或者红色,那么你会希望配上一只陨石色的公犬,那么他们的小狗基因里出现任何颜色都是有可能的。如果配种的是同种颜色,那么出生的小狗也会是相同的颜色。
 
However, if your bitch is merle, you mustmake one decision.
如果你的母狗是陨石,你必须做决定。
 
Are you prepared to cull the defectivewhite puppies? If not, breed her to a solid dog.
你做好为刚出生的双陨石小狗安乐死的准备了吗?
 
If you decide to breed merle to merle,there are a few basic things to know:
如果你决定陨石配陨石,以下基本的事需要知道:
 
The defective puppy is not caused by one defective gene. Itis the unfortunate side of our merle genes which produces the beautiful merlepatterns.
这个缺陷的小狗不是因为遗传父母缺陷的基因造成的。只不过是因为陨石基因不稳定不幸的的一面。
The defective puppyis the pure merle puppy, which averages one out of four in a merle to merlemating.
这个缺陷的小狗是纯陨石小狗(陨石基因是显性基因,一个陨石和一个黑蓝云,一个陨石一个棕红云.两个陨石基因同时显性就会导致纯云)
 
Something we do not completely understandabout the merling gene is how the gene breaks down the coloring in an otherwisesolid dog, and also affects eye and ear development in the fetus.
科学还不能解释,关于陨石基因,如何在胎儿阶段影响一只单显性陨石狗的颜色,同时也影响眼睛和耳朵的发育。
 
When the solid gene is present with themerling gene, the results are a sound merle dog.
 
当一只纯色基因和陨石基因同时出现,是一只正常的陨石狗
When the merle gene is joined with anothermerle gene (homozygous merle), a defective puppy is the result.
 
当陨石和陨石基因同时出现,就会是一直有缺陷的狗。
 
EXAMPLES: M = Merle Gene, m = Solid Gene
学名:淡化基因,就是把色素淡化,影响其色素沉淀的基因。俗称:云石或者陨石基因。有点像大理石的感觉。
 
Each sound merle dog carries Mm gene.
 
Each solid dog carries mm gene.
 
In an average litter of four puppies from amerle to merle breeding:
 
Two Merle Dogs bred together   
Sire
(Mm)
M (Merle)       m(solid)
Dam
(Mm)      M(Merle)       MM (Homozygous merle)     Mm (merle)
m (solid) Mm(merle)    mm (solid)
 
In an average litter of four puppies from amerle to solid breeding:
 平均纯陨石的狗是25%的概率。
Merle bred to a solid
(no defective puppies)  
Sire
(mm)
m (solid) m(solid)
Dam
(Mm)      M(Merle)       Mm (merle)    Mm (merle)
m (solid) mm(solid)      mm (solid)
 
 However,if your bitch is merle, you must make one decision.
如果你的母狗是陨石,你必须做决定。
 
Are you prepared to cull the defectivewhite puppies? If not, breed her to a solid dog.
你做好为刚出生的双陨石小狗安乐死的准备了吗?
If you decide to breed merle to merle,there are a few basic things to know:
如果你决定陨石配陨石,以下基本的事需要知道:
 
In litters from merle to merle matings, abreeder will statistically average one defective, homozygous merle puppy out offour.
一窝陨石配陨石的小狗,繁殖者会得到平均每四条一条纯陨的小狗。
 
This will vary from one to many defectivepuppies in any given litter.
这个缺陷的纯云小狗可能是一条或者多条。
 
If you realize these puppies are going tobe deaf or have eye defects, it is not too difficult to cull them at birth.
如果你意识到这些小狗可能会失聪,或者眼睛的缺陷,其实在刚出生的时候就安乐死不是一件难事。
 
This should be done as soon as possibleafter whelping since there is no reason to stress the bitch with nursing extrapups.
安乐死应该越早执行越好,因为没有理由给母狗增加喂奶和照顾小狗的负担。
 
If you cull all puppies with white off theblaze, collar, socks, white chest and belly patterns, there are no borderlinepups.
如果可以你可以把所有颜色边界线不清晰的,比如头部和鼻子之间,围脖处,四蹄位置,腹部底部等颜色分布不清晰的狗都安乐死。
 
Defective, homozygous merle puppies areoften primarily white with just patches of color, and nearly always have a lotof white on the head.
缺陷的纯云小狗绝大多数是以白色为主的,色块很淡不清晰,而且绝大多数头也是大部分为白色。
 
Puppies with each eye surrounded withcolor, color over the ears, and no white on the body behind the shoulder shouldbe sound.
小狗的两个眼睛周围包括耳朵位置都有颜色附着应该会健康的。
 
The patterns seem to be the key. Sometimesa puppy without very much white, but with mismarkings on the body, such as astripe running up from the underside, will be defective.
色块分布就是关键用来评判的标准,有的时候小狗没有很多白色分布,但是在狗的身体部位本应该是色块附着的地方有突兀的白色错误分布,也是缺陷。
 
There are many breeders who said they wouldkeep excessive white puppies long enough to see if they are sound.
很多繁殖者说他们会留下来纯陨石狗,看看他们是否正常
 
They then are faced with the sad task ofhaving a cute, fuzzy puppy destroyed because it is deaf, blind or both.
  他们将会面临一个残忍的任务,就是让他们发现这些狗长大后是有缺陷的,但是他们如此可爱,怎么忍心毁掉他们。
 
 
Some people have given these pups away, oreven sold them. If you really care about the Australian Shepherd, dont do it!
 有的繁殖者会把这些狗送人,甚至卖了他,如果你们真的在乎澳牧请不要这样做。
That white Aussie is advertising theAustralian Shepherd Breed everywhere it goes, as well as your breeding program.
这个有缺陷的白澳牧是你的广告,也是你的繁殖计划的一部分。
 
So many times the end of the story is theheartbreak of the child you gave that cute white puppy to crying because thedog never knew the family car was coming- he never saw or heard it start.
故事的结尾往往是一孩子伤心的哭泣悲剧结尾,因为那个白澳牧从来就没有听到过来领养他的家人开车来接他的声音,也许永远也见不到这一切是怎么开始的。
 
The best way is for you, the breeder, tocull those white-factored puppies at birth, and then to forget them and enjoyyour healthy, sound litter.
最好的方式对一个繁殖者来说,就是一出生就把纯陨石的澳牧安乐死,然后忘记他们,享受你正常健康活泼的其他小澳牧们。
 
Another option is to  simply do a solid to merle breeding, andeliminate the possibility of the homozygous merle.
另一个选择就是做简单的单陨石繁殖,就不用担心这个问题。
 
 
此文鼓励相互转贴,但是请尊重发帖人和翻译者,注明出处,谢谢大家:
                                              
撰稿人:戚少
发帖人:沈浩(大江南主理人:狼雨)